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  • List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Comparison of the Effect of Group Behavioral Activation Treatment and Group Cognitive Therapy on Positive and Negative Emotions, and Emotional Regulation Processes
        mehdi Soleimani
        The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of group behavioral activation treatment (BA) and group cognitive therapy (CT) on positive and negative emotions and emotional regulation processes. The sample consisted of 27 university students with subsyndro More
        The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of group behavioral activation treatment (BA) and group cognitive therapy (CT) on positive and negative emotions and emotional regulation processes. The sample consisted of 27 university students with subsyndromal anxiety and depressive symptoms who were selected through purposeful sampling and then were randomly assigned to two groups. One group received 8 sessions of BA and the other group received 8 sessions of CT. Participants completed the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale and the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire before and after the treatments. Results indicated that BA was superior to CT on increasing positive emotions but the both treatments were equal on decreasing negative emotions. There were some differences between the both treatments in emotional regulation processes. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Relationship of Work-Family Conflict and Spillover with Psychosomatic Complaints Considering the Mediating Role of Work Anxiety
        mohsen Golparvar
        The purpose of the current research was to investigate the relationship of work-family conflict and spillover with psycho-somatic com-plaints by considering the role of work anxiety. The research method was correlational and the sample consisted of 254 employees of an i More
        The purpose of the current research was to investigate the relationship of work-family conflict and spillover with psycho-somatic com-plaints by considering the role of work anxiety. The research method was correlational and the sample consisted of 254 employees of an industrial company. Research instruments included Work-Family Conflict Questionnaire (WFCQ), Work-Family Spill-over Questionnaire (WFSQ), Psychosomatic Complaints Questionnaire (PCQ), and Work Anxiety Questionnaire (WAQ), (researcher made). Data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling (SEM). Results revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between work-family and family-work conflict with psychosomatic complaints and work anxiety (P<0.01), negative significant relationship between positive family-work spill-over with psychosomatic complaints, and work anxiety (P<0.05). Also, results showed that there is a positive significant relationship between work anxiety and psychosomatic complaints. Results of the structural equation modeling with mediation analysis also showed that work anxiety is a partial mediator in the relationship of family-work conflict with psychosomatic complaints. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Comparison of the Ideal and Actual Affective States of Opiate-Dependent Addicts and Non-Addicts and Their Relationship to Personality Characteristics
        S. Said  Pournaghash Tehrani
        Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the ideal and actual affective states of opiate-dependent addicts and non-addict group and their relationship to personality characteristics. The retrospective research method was used in the present study .The statistic More
        Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the ideal and actual affective states of opiate-dependent addicts and non-addict group and their relationship to personality characteristics. The retrospective research method was used in the present study .The statistical population consisted of all opiate-dependent individuals who themselves had referred to rehabilitation centers in Tehran in 2012. A sample of 30 opiate-dependents was chosen. Also, 30 non-addicts were selected by convenience sampling who were matched on age. The two groups filled out Affect Valuation Index (AVI) and Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Analyzing the data showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in all subscales of the AVI (ideal) except for the subscale of HA. Also, significant differences were observed between the two groups in the subscales of P, LA, and N of actual AVI. Furthermore, there were significant differences in the NS, RD, and SD subscales of TCI. Regarding the differences between the addict and non-addict groups, significant differences existed in all subscales of actual AVI and ideal AVI except for the LAN and HAN subscales. In short, in terms of ideal and actual affective states and personality characteristics, there were differences between opiate-dependent individuals and non-addict groups. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Effectiveness of Social Problem Solving Strategies Training on Self-esteem in Second Grades of Guidance Schools Female Students
        Azam A Hosseini Kafi Abadi
        This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of training social problem solving strategies on self-esteem in second-grade guidance schools female students in Yazd. The research design was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test, and control group. (Without inte More
        This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of training social problem solving strategies on self-esteem in second-grade guidance schools female students in Yazd. The research design was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test, and control group. (Without intervention) and pcychological placebo group (except for intervention of social problem solving strategies). The population in this study comprised of second-grade guidance school female students in Yazd who were enrolled in school year 2012-2013. The sample of this study consisted of 67 students who were selected using multistage random cluster sampling and were assigned in three groups (experimental: N=20, control: N=20, and psychological placebo: N=27). As for self- esteem a pre-test was performed in all the experimental, control and placebo groups. Social problem solving strategies training was performed on experimental group in 10 sessions 60 minutes each. Following the experimental intervention, self-esteem of the three groups were measured again. Cooper Smith Self-esteem Inventory was used for measuring self-esteem. Analysis of covariance and Bonferroni Post hoc test were used to check the results. The results showed that in the experimental group social problem solving strategies training increased adjusted mean scores of self-esteem scores (P<0.001) and mean scores on the subscales of self-esteem, including total self-esteem and educational self-esteem, were increased. But this intervention could not increase adjusted mean scores of family self-esteem and social self-esteem. According to the research findings, social problem solving strategies training increased self-esteem. So this method can be used as one of the possible ways to increase self-esteem in the critical period of puberty. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Effectiveness of Coping Therapy in Reducing Behavioral-Emotional Problems of Children and Maternal Stress of Their Mothers
        maryam roshan
        Parenting stress affects children as a source of pressure. Involvement of parents in coping therapy designed to help their children, can reduce these negative outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy of coping therapy in reducing parenting stre More
        Parenting stress affects children as a source of pressure. Involvement of parents in coping therapy designed to help their children, can reduce these negative outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy of coping therapy in reducing parenting stress and behavioral-emotional problems in children. To do so, The Parenting Stress Index (PSI) was administered on a sample of 200 mothers. Then 51 of those who scored highest in PSI were chosen and randomly assigned to the two experimenttal (N=26) and control (N=25) groups. Both groups completed the Strenghts and Difficulties Questionnaire. Quantative data were analyzed using pretest-posttest, correlation coefficient, and multiple covariance analyses. Results indicated that after intervention, mothers in the experimental group showed lower level of stress, as compared to mothers in control group. Children of mothers in experimental group showed less behavioral problems than children of mothers in the control group. Manuscript profile