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  • List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Effectiveness of Forgiveness-Based Group Therapy on Depression and Psychological Distress Symptoms of Elderly Women
        parvaneh Mohammadkhani
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of forgiveness-based group therapy on depression and psychological distress symptoms of elderly women who had been referred to Omid Gerontology Center in Theran. To evaluate the effectiveness of More
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of forgiveness-based group therapy on depression and psychological distress symptoms of elderly women who had been referred to Omid Gerontology Center in Theran. To evaluate the effectiveness of for-giveness-based intervenetion, quasi-experi-mental design with pre-test, post-test, and three-month follow up was used. The statistical population consisted of all elderly women who had been referred to Omid Gerontology Center in Tehran The sample consisted of 30 women meeting the research criteria who were ran-domly divided into control (N=15) and experi-mental group (N=15). Participants in both groups were assessed by Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Brief Symptoms In-ventory (BSI). After pretest, the experimental group met for a total of 8 forgiveness-based intervention sessions (2 hours each). Data showed a reduction in depression severity in experimental group (P<0.05). It also showed remission on Brief Symptoms Inventory subscales and its 3 total indexes, namely Glo-bal Severity Index, Positive Symptom Total, and Positive Symptom Distress Index (P<0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that Forgiveness-based group therapy is an effec-tive intervention in depressed elderly women and could be useful in promoting mental health in this stage of life. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Role of Appetitive Motivation and Sex Differences in Inhibition Response to Food Cues
        emad ashrafi
        Appetitive motivation is the drive to eat to obtain pleasure in the absence of hunger. The present study aimed to compare women and men with high and low appetitive motivation in terms of inhibition to food cues. Utilizing a causal-comparative design, fifty-nine health More
        Appetitive motivation is the drive to eat to obtain pleasure in the absence of hunger. The present study aimed to compare women and men with high and low appetitive motivation in terms of inhibition to food cues. Utilizing a causal-comparative design, fifty-nine healthy and normal weight students with high and low scores in the Power of Food Scale (PFS), who were selected from 1300 students, performed a go/no-go task of food and non-food related pictures to measure inhibition. Factorial ANOVA showed that women with high appetitive moti-vation had higher commission errors in expo-sure to food pictures than non-food pictures. Decreased inhibition in women with high appetitive motivation could be the result of food cues that overstimulate appetitive motivation. - Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Prediction of Schizophrenia Neuropsychological Characteristics Based on Social Cognition Aspects in a Non-Clinical Sample
        gholamhossein javanmard
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mutual relationship between characteristics of schizophrenia (Sc) with theory of mind and alexithymia, as social cognitive as-pects, in a nonclinical group. The research method was descriptive-correlational d More
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mutual relationship between characteristics of schizophrenia (Sc) with theory of mind and alexithymia, as social cognitive as-pects, in a nonclinical group. The research method was descriptive-correlational design of regression prediction. To do so, 200 university students (100 males, 100 females) were selec-ted by multistage cluster sampling from the two universities of Bonab city, East Azarbayjan province in Iran (Payame Noor and University of Bonab). Having any physical or psycho-neurological chronic illnesses was the elimi-nation criterion in the study. To collect data the 78-item scale of MMPI-2 for schizophrenia, Reading Mind from Eyes Test (RMET), and Alexithymia Questionnaire (FTAS-20) were used. Data were analyzed by Pearson's cor-relation test, linear regression analysis, and mul-tiple simultaneus regression analysis. According to the results, the predictive role of theory of mind and alexithymia in characteristics of schi-zophrenia were confirmed. Separately, theory of mind explained 19% and alexithymia explained 57% of the variance of neuro-psychological characteristics of schizophrenia. Studying the combined contribution of theory of mind and alexithymia in schizophrenic characteristics in-dicated that, among the two variables, only the predictive variable affecting features of schizo-phrenia was alexithymia (with beta=0.58). Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Predicting the Tendency to Vandalism in Delinquents on the Basis of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Social/Emotional Maturity
        shahin ahmadvand
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine the role of early maladaptive sche-mas, social maturity, and emotional maturity in predicting the tendency to vandalism in delinqu-ent teenagers. The sample consisted of 161 de-linquents that had committed vandalis More
        Abstract: The aim of the present study was to determine the role of early maladaptive sche-mas, social maturity, and emotional maturity in predicting the tendency to vandalism in delinqu-ent teenagers. The sample consisted of 161 de-linquents that had committed vandalism and were selected from among 652 male delinquents residing in correctional and educational centers in Tehran, Guilan, Mazandaran, Ardabil, West Azarbaijan, East Azarbaijan, Golestan, and Kho-rasan provinces. In order to collect data, Nikakh-tar’s Vandalism Questionnaire (NVQ), Young Early Maladaptive Schemas Questionnaire (YEMSQ-SF3), Rao Social Maturity Scale (RSMS), and Singh-Bhargava Emotional Matu- rity Scale (S-BEMS) were used. Results of multiple regressions showed that maladaptive schemas and social/emotional maturity vari-ables significantly predict the changes related to vandalism in delinquent teenagers. These findings indicate that the early maladaptive schemas and social/emotional maturity are effective variables in vandalism among delin-quent teenagers. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Effects of Ellis Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy on Promotion of Psychological Capital
        nila Elmy Manesh
        Abstract: Today, psychological capital is con-sidered as one of the important organizational intangible assets due to being teachable and in-fluencing occupational variables. The present study has investigated the effectiveness of Ellis intervention model on promotion o More
        Abstract: Today, psychological capital is con-sidered as one of the important organizational intangible assets due to being teachable and in-fluencing occupational variables. The present study has investigated the effectiveness of Ellis intervention model on promotion of psycholo-gical capital of experts working in industrial centers. Statistical population of the present se-mi-experimental research consisted of experts working in Iran Khodro Diesel Company from which a total number of 60 participants were selected using regular random sampling method and then they were assigned to experimental and control groups. After completion of Luthans’ Psychological Capital Questionnaire by both groups, the experimental group received training in 10 two-hour sessions using Ellis rational emo-tive behavioral method. The experiment was im-plemented in two other steps in order to collect post-test data and follow-up. The results of multi-variable variance analysis indicated that the scores of post-test and follow-up in hope, optimism, self-efficacy, and resilience compo-nents were higher in experimental group who had been under Ellis intervention, compared to the control group. The results of univariate tests indicated that hope, optimism, self-effi-cacy, and resilience components were signi-ficant according to descriptive results and it consequently represents the sustainable effects of Ellis intervention in follow-up and increased effectiveness on optimism. Ellis intervention model and method has promoted the level of psychological capital in employees. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Effect of Semantic Relevance and Emotional Valence on Associative Word Recognition
        siavash talepasnd
        Abstract: The aim of this study was to inves-tigate the effect of semantic relevance and emotional valence on associative word recogni-tion. To do so, single design with a post-test was used. The population consisted of all students in Semnan University in 2013. Partici More
        Abstract: The aim of this study was to inves-tigate the effect of semantic relevance and emotional valence on associative word recogni-tion. To do so, single design with a post-test was used. The population consisted of all students in Semnan University in 2013. Participants were 80 undergraduate students (43 males and 37 females) from the two faculties of psychology and education, and engineering of Semnan Univer-sity, who were chosen via conventionce method. By making use of SuperLab software, partici-pants completed a computer test that offered pairs of words and also Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R). Analysis of covari-ance of repeated measurements was used. Findings indicated the effect of semantic rele-vance and emotional valence on associative words recognition (F=7/64, P<0/001). Whereas pairs of neutral words with semantic relation were presented, the highest recognition was ob- served, pairs of emotional words with no seman-tic relation brought about lowest recognition rate. The results showed that the semantic rela-tionship between pairs of words, compared to the emotional valence of them (positive or ne-gative), had a greater impact on recognition. Manuscript profile